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Legal guide to UK motoring, sections for law enforcement, Driver licensing, learner and new drivers, buying and selling, speeding fines, owning a vehicle, wheel clamping, traffic information.


Making a Parking Appeal - The Process

Step 1: Notice of Appeal
The appellant submits the Notice of Appeal to the Traffic Penalty Tribunal. The appellant has 28 days from service of the Notice of Rejection of Representations.

The appellant must include their name and address and should send any evidence in their possession that may support the appeal.

Step 2: Registration

The Tribunal receives the Notice of Appeal, makes some basic checks and registers the appeal.

If the Notice of Appeal is received late, outside the 28-day period, it will be placed before the Adjudicator, who will decide whether it can be registered.

Step 3: Arranging the hearing

The Tribunal sends an acknowledgment to the appellant.

The Tribunal notifies the respondent council that an appeal has been made and sends a copy of the Notice of Appeal and any direction extending the time limit.

If a postal decision has been requested, the Tribunal will notify the appellant of the week in which the appeal is likely to be decided.

If either party requests a personal hearing, it will be scheduled for the next suitable place, date and time. The parties will receive at least 21 days' notice. If the appointment is not convenient, the Tribunal will accommodate the parties as far as it considers reasonable.

If a telephone hearing has been requested, the Tribunal will inform the parties whether one will be offered.

Step 4: The council's evidence

The council will submit its evidence.

The evidence must include:

a copy of the challenge (formal representations)
a copy of the Penalty Charge Notice (PCN); and
a copy of the Notice of Rejection of Representations

but should also include:

written submissions (arguments) about the penalty; and
everything on which the council relies to prove that the contravention occurred as alleged.

The council must send a copy of the evidence bundle to the appellant.

Step 5: Further evidence and submissions

The parties are encouraged to complete their submissions and evidence as soon as possible: the appellant with their Notice of Appeal and the council with the first evidence bundle.

However, it is recognised that further matters may emerge to which either party may wish to reply. Both parties are urged to act promptly because whilst the Adjudicator may consider any evidence before them equally they may decide not to take into account material delivered unnecessarily late or in circumstances that are unfair to either party.

If the council puts in further evidence, it must send a copy to the appellant.
If the appellant puts in further evidence, the Tribunal will send a copy to the council.

Step 6: The decision

The Adjudicator makes their decision. If a hearing takes place in person or by telephone, the Adjudicator will usually tell the parties the outcome there and then.

The Adjudicator also prepares written reasons, which the Tribunal send to both parties. The decision may state that:

The appeal is allowed
This means that the appeal was successful and the appellant does not have to pay the penalty.

If the vehicle was clamped or removed, the council may be directed to repay the penalty and/or the release or storage charges, wholly or in part.

The appeal is dismissed
This means that the appeal was unsuccessful and the appellant is liable to pay the penalty.

If the vehicle was clamped or removed, the council has nothing to repay.

The appeal is dismissed, but the Adjudicator considers that there are compelling reasons why the penalty should not be paid and/or the release or storage charges should be repaid, wholly or in part

The council must consider the matter afresh and has 35 days to notify the appellant and the Adjudicator of its decision. If the council does not respond in time it is taken to accept the Adjudicator's recommendation

The appeal is adjourned
This means that the Adjudicator has not made a decision but requires further information or evidence. The Adjudicator will give directions explaining what must happen next.

Consent order
This means that the appeal is resolved on terms agreed by both parties.

With the decision, the Tribunal send a document explaining what happens next if:

the appeal was allowed; or
the appeal was dismissed.

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