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Parking Regulations

Parking it some towns can be a nightmare at the best of times with hot-headed traffic wardens going for records and more double yellow lines than you can shake a parking ticket at! Knowing where you can park can save you time and money so heres our guide to what all those lines really mean, where you can and cannot park and how long you can stay.

Motorists parking their cars are not the only ones who must obey the law and regulations. Councils can only make parking regulations (known as “Traffic Regulation Orders” or “Traffic Management Orders”) and enforce parking contraventions in accordance with the law. For example, councils must comply with regulations that say how parking controls are signed.

Under the decriminalised scheme brought in by the Road Traffic Act 1991, when a vehicle is, for example, parked on a yellow line during controlled hours, it is said to be parked ‘in contravention of the regulations’. Thus there are no offences, merely contraventions.

PCN Contravention Codes – On Street Parking

CODE - DESCRIPTION

01
     Parking in a restricted street during prescribed hours

02     Parking or loading/unloading in a restricted street where waiting and loading/unloading restrictions are in force

04     Parking in a meter bay when penalty time is indicated

05     Parking after the expiry of paid for time at a pay & display** bay

06     Parking without clearly displaying a valid pay & display ticket**

07     Parking with payment made to extend the stay beyond initial time (‘meter feeding’)

08     Parking at an out-of-order meter during controlled hours

09     Parking displaying multiple pay & display tickets where prohibited

10     Parking without clearly displaying two**** valid pay and display tickets when required.

15     Parking in a residents’ parking space without clearly displaying a valid residents’ parking permit

16     Parking in a permit space without displaying a valid permit

20     Parking in a loading gap marked by a yellow line

21     Parking in a suspended bay/space or part of bay/space

22     Re-parking in the same parking place within one hour* of leaving

23     Parking in a parking place or area not designated for that class of vehicle

24     Not parking correctly within the markings of the bay or space

25     Parking in a loading place during restricted hours without loading

26     (London only) Vehicle parking more than 50 cm from the kerb and not within a designated parking place

27     (London only) Parking adjacent to a dropped footway

30     Parking for longer than permitted

31     (London only) Entering and stopping in a box junction when prohibited

32     (London only) Failing to drive in the direction shown by the arrow on a blue sign

33     (London only) Using a route restricted to certain vehicles

34     (London only) Vehicle seen contravening bus lane regulations

35     Parked in a disc parking place without clearly displaying a valid disc

36     Parking in a disc parking place for longer than permitted

37     (London only) Failing to comply with a give way to oncoming vehicles sign

40     Parking in a designated disabled person’s parking place without clearly displaying a valid disabled person’s badge.

41     Parking in a parking place designated for diplomatic vehicles

42     Parking in a parking place designated for police vehicles

45     Parking on a taxi rank

46     Parking on a clearway where stopping is prohibited

47     Parking on a restricted bus stop/stand

48     Stopped in a restricted area outside a school***

49     Parking wholly or partly on a cycle track

50     (London only) Failing to comply with a sign indicating a prohibited turn

51     (London only) Failing to comply with a no entry sign

52     (London only) Failing to comply with a sign indicating a prohibition on certain types of vehicle

53     (London only) Failing to comply with a sign indicating a restriction on vehicles entering a pedestrian zone

54     (London only) Failing to comply with a sign indicating a restriction on vehicles entering and waiting in a pedestrian zone

55     A commercial vehicle parked in a restricted street in contravention of the Overnight Waiting Ban

56     Parked in contravention of a commercial vehicle waiting restriction

57     Parking in contravention of a coach ban

58     (London only) Using a vehicle on a restricted street during prescribed hours without a valid permit

59     (London only) Using a vehicle on a restricted street during prescribed hours in breach of permit conditions

61     A heavy commercial vehicle wholly or partly parked on a footway, verge or land between two carriageways

62     Parking with one or more wheels on any part of an urban road other than a carriageway (footway parking)

63     Parking with engine running where prohibited

99     (London only) Stopped on a pedestrian crossing and/or crossing area marked by zig-zags

70     Parking in a loading area during restricted hours without reasonable excuse

77     - - - RESERVED FOR DVLA USE - - -

80     Parking for longer than the maximum period permitted

81     Parking in a restricted area in a car park

82     Parking after the expiry of time paid for in a pay & display** car park

83     Parking in a pay & display** car park without clearly displaying a valid pay & display ticket** or parking clock

84     Parking with additional payment made to extend the stay beyond time first purchased

85     Parking in a permit bay without clearly displaying a valid permit

86     Parking beyond the bay markings

87     Parking in a disabled person’s parking space without clearly displaying a valid disabled person’s badge

88     - - - DELETED - - -

89     Vehicle parking exceeds maximum weight and/or height permitted in the area

90     Re-parking within one hour* of leaving a bay or space in a car park

91     Parking in an area not designated for that class of vehicle

92     Parking causing an obstruction

93     Parking in car park when closed

94     Parking in a pay and display car park without clearly displaying two****valid pay and display tickets when required

* Or other specified time
** Or voucher
*** Sometimes applies during term time only
**** Or other number

 

Restrictive

These are regulations where parking is generally not allowed at particular times (or even at all times). Examples are yellow lines where vehicles may not be parked during controlled hours. In most places there will be exemptions from the regulations, for example Blue Badge holders may be able to park whilst clearly displaying their badge and clock. Additionally, loading or unloading is likely to be allowed (unless it is expressly banned).

Permitted

Here the regulations allow vehicles to park, usually in a bay, under certain conditions, for example upon payment in a meter or by purchasing a pay and display voucher. Alternatively, some parking bays are reserved for specific users (and the vehicle will have to display a permit), such a resident parking, business, doctor or trader. At other locations, only certain types of vehicle may park there, for example coaches. Parking may even be free but subject to a time limit, perhaps 20 minutes with no return for two hours. Vehicles must park properly within the marked bays. Whenever you want to park in a bay you must check the adjacent signs and that you are parked completely within the bay markings.

 

Council Car Parks

Councils can operate car parks that will also have regulations. They can provide for the type of vehicle that can use the car park, maximum length of stay, special bays, such as for Blue Badge holders and places where vehicles may not park. Car parks operate various systems for payment collection; in some, you must first buy a ticket and display it in the car, in others you pay when you leave. In some car parks, contraventions of the regulations are enforced by Parking Attendants issuing Penalty Charge Notices. These can be challenged in same way as if the Penalty Charge Notice had been issued to a vehicle parked in the street

Yellow Lines

   

Double yellow lines mean that parking is restricted 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (in other words ‘at any time’). With effect from 31 January 2003 councils are not required to erect a sign plate to accompany an ‘at any time’ restriction. In some areas, (for example holiday resorts), the ‘at any time’ restriction may apply for only part of the year, although this must be for at least four consecutive months. In these cases a sign, showing the duration of the restriction, will be erected.

A single yellow line on the road means that, at some time of the day, there will be parking restrictions.

If the single yellow line is within a controlled parking zone, you can assume that it operates for the same time as the zone unless separate time plates show different times. A Controlled Parking Zone (CPZ) is an area where parking is restricted by Traffic Regulation Orders (Traffic Management Orders in London), in accordance with signs placed on all vehicular entry points to the area (except in designated parking bays or where otherwise signed).

For example, in a controlled parking zone which runs from 8.30 am to 6.30 pm, a yellow line without any separate time plates will be operational at those times and a driver may not park. An exception to this rule allows a passenger to get in or out of the car, although the driver should not leave the car, unless the passenger is disabled and needs assistance or is a young child.

Guidelines for loading and unloading:

  • Drivers are usually allowed to stop to load or unload. If the items are heavy or bulky or if the driver has a large number of items which would involve more than one trip, the car is allowed to wait on the yellow line. But the car should be moved and parked legally when the loading or unloading is finished.
  • Commercial vehicles are allowed to collect and deliver goods. If any paperwork needs to be checked, such as delivery notes or invoices, the time this takes can be included in the loading/unloading time allowed. Obviously, the vehicle must be moved after the delivery or collection has taken place.
  • Loading is not permitted at places where the parked car could cause an obstruction, such as within 10 metres of a junction.
  • Sometimes, within a parking place, there is a yellow line called a “loading gap”. The same rules as above apply to this yellow line.
  • Often there will be yellow ‘blips’ on the kerb. These warn that there is a loading restriction. Two ‘blips’ mean no loading ‘at any time’. One ‘blip’ means that loading is restricted at certain times, as shown on a white plate. Even Blue Badge holders with badges and time clocks are not allowed to park where there are loading restrictions in force.

Description
2.1 These three sets of Regulations and two Orders (all of which apply only to England) have been made and laid by the Secretary of State for Transport. They should be read together with the Civil Enforcement of Parking Contraventions (England) Representations and Appeals Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/3482) (“the Representations and Appeals Regulations”), which were subject to the affirmative procedure. This package of statutory instruments is designed to implement Part 6 of the Traffic Management Act 2004 in relation to the civil enforcement of parking controls by civil enforcement officers acting on behalf of local authorities, rather than under the criminal law by police officers or police traffic wardens.
2.2 The set of draft Regulations should be read as a whole, and with the Representation and Appeals Regulations. The draft Regulations set out procedures to improve national consistency by giving new powers to authorities outside London currently only held by those in London. The draft Regulations also set out new clamping procedures, camera enforcement, differential parking charges and certain increased discount periods.


Implementation and Delivery Plan

50. It is our intention that the affirmative Regulations will be laid before Parliament in mid 2007. Once these have been approved, all the negative resolution statutory instruments will be laid before Parliament.

51. Subject to Parliamentary scrutiny procedures, it is our intention that the Regulations will come into force in early 2008. This will allow an appropriate implementation period for enforcement authorities to prepare for the changes and adapt to the new requirements before the proposals take effect.

Click Here for the Full report

THE ORIGINAL DISCUSSIONS AND CONCLUSIONS


This lists the proposals and the support by Councils and Various Motoring Organizations who were invited to make representations


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