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Road Signs

11- Road markings



Along the road


Centre line on a single carriageway road Lane line separating traffic travelling in the same direction (single or dual carriageway road) Hazard warning line (replaces a centre lineor a lane line). An upright sign may indicate the nature of the hazard,such as a bend. The marking is used also on the approach to a junction


Diagonal white lines (hatched markings) bounded by broken lines may be used in the centre of the road to separate opposing flows of traffic. They are often provided at junctions to protect traffic turning right. They may also be used on the approach to a central traffic island or the startof a dual carriageway. Hatched markings with a single, broken boundary line may be usedat the edge of the road or next to the central reservation of a dual carriageway: the diagonal lines always slope towards the direction of travel. You should not enter any hatched area bounded by a broken line unless it is safe to do soRoad markingsAlong the road 63 Part of the carriageway where traffic passes in the same direction on either side of the chevron marking. Vehicles should not enter the area unless safe to do so. This marking is likely tobe found in one-way streets with central islands and where an exit lane leaves at a junctionPart of the carriagewaywhere traffic passes in the same direction on either side of the chevron marking. The continuous boundary line means that vehicles mustnot enter the area except in an emergency. This markingis used where slip roadsleave and join motorways andmany dual carriageway roads. It is also used for segregatedleft-turn lanes at roundaboutsArrow indicating the direction in which to pass hatched markings and double white lines, or the route that high vehicles should take under a low arch bridge (may be reversed)Reduction in the number of lanes, or area not available to traffic. Vehicles must not cross the continuous white line except in an emergency. Used on the right-hand side of a motorway, dual carriageway road or slip road road markings

Part of the carriageway where traffic passes in the same direction on either side of the chevron marking. Vehicles should not enter the area unless safe to do so. This marking is likely tobe found in one-way streets with central islands and where an exit lane leaves at a junction Part of the carriagewaywhere traffic passes in the same direction on either side of the chevron marking. The continuous boundary line means that vehicles mustnot enter the area except in an emergency. This markingis used where slip roadsleave and join motorways andmany dual carriageway roads. It is also used for segregatedleft-turn lanes at roundabouts

Reduction in the number of lanes, or area not available to traffic. Vehicles must not cross the continuous white line except in an emergency. Used on the right-hand side of a motorway, dual carriageway road or slip road Arrow indicating the direction in which to pass hatched markings and double white lines, or the route that high vehicles should take under a low arch bridge (may be reversed)

Double white lines

Double white linesThese are used to prevent overtaking where visibility is restricted,and to separate opposing traffic flows on steep hills with climbinglanes. Double continuous lines are also sometimes used on othersingle carriageway roads that have two lanes in at least onedirection. Viewed in the direction of travel, if the line closest to youis continuous, you must not cross or straddle it (except to turninto or out of a side road or property, avoid a stationary vehicleblocking the lane, or overtake a pedal cycle, horse or road worksvehicle moving at not more than 10 mph). Where the line closestto you is broken, you may cross the lines to overtake if it is safe todo so. Stopping is prohibited on any length of road that hasdouble white lines, even if the line on that side of the road isbroken. The exceptions are stopping to pick up or set downpassengers, or to load or unload. In these circumstances, youshould park off the main carriageway wherever possible.






Along the edge of the road


Edge of carriageway, other than at junctions, exits from private drives and lay-bys. Used on the left-hand side of the road and alongside the central reservation of dual carriageway roads Alternative edge of carriageway marking, with raised ribs to provide audible and tactile warnings when the line is being crossed. They are used on motorways and other roads with hard shoulders or hard marginal strips


Edge of main carriageway at a junction (particularly where a slip road leaves or joins), at an exit from a private drive or at a lay-by. Also used to divide the main carriageway from a traffic lane that leaves the main carriageway at a junction ahead (lane drop) Edge of main carriageway at a junction or at an exit from a private drive. Used in conjunction with "give way" markings on the side road



At junctions













Where stationary traffic would be likely to block a junction, a yellow box may be marked on the road, covering all or part of the junction. You must notenter the box if your exitis not clear. If turning rightat the junction, you may enter the box (behind otherright-turning vehicles, if any) to wait for a gap in the oncoming traffic, but onlyif the right-turn exit is clear




















A mini-roundabout is normally found on a road with a speed limit of 30 mph or less. It should be treated the same as a conventional roundabout. You must give way to traffic fromthe right, and keep to the leftof the white circle unless the size of your vehicle or the junction layout makes drivingover it unavoidable



















Some conventional roundabouts may have a segregated left-turn lane where drivers do not give way to traffic on the roundabout. This may be separated from the roundabout by either a solid island or chevron markings. Where the chevrons are bounded by continuous lines, vehicles must not enter the area except in an emergency. You should therefore choose the correct lane well before the roundabout. A directional sign in advance of the junction may show the segregated lane


Traffic lanes at junctions



Appropriate traffic lanes for different movements at junction ahead.A double-headed arrow is used where two different movements may be made from the same lane or where that lane divides into two or more lanes ahead (e.g. a lane with a combined "left" and "ahead" arrow may divide into a left-turn lane and an ahead lane)


Compulsory traffic movements at a junction ahead. These may apply to a specific traffic lane or to all traffic approaching the junctionTraffic Direction to be taken by traffic turning within a junction









Appropriate traffic lanes for particular destinations













Worded markings


Area of carriageway to be kept clear of stationary traffic, usually to allowthe passage of vehicles into or out of a side road or access. The white bars may be omitted


Direction in which pedestrians should look before crossing the road (particularly in a one-way street or where there is a bus lane)



Vehicles must not pass this marking. May be used with the upright "no entry" sign Associated with a hazard. There will normally be an upright warning sign


Reflecting road studs




Coloured road studs help drivers at night, especially on wetroads, or in poor visibility. White studs mark traffic lanes or thecentre of the road. The left-hand side of the carriageway ismarked by red studs, and the edge of the central reservation of amotorway or dual carriageway road by amber studs. Green studsare used to mark lay-bys and the entrances to, and exits from,slip roads.

 



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