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Legal guide to UK motoring, sections for law enforcement, Driver licensing, learner and new drivers, buying and selling, speeding fines, owning a vehicle, wheel clamping, traffic information.

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Endorsements And Disqualifications 

Whether you are caught speeding, drink driving dangerous driving or any one of the plethera of offences that a motorist can commit the punishment can cost you a lot. There's the fine, and the points which means Insurance premiums will rise costing you more money. Disqualification can mean that you have great difficulties in re-insuring your vehicle and if you do the premiums will reflect this.

If you are convicted of a motoring offence, the court can endorse your licence with penalty points or order a period of disqualification.

A person whose penalty points reach 12 or more in a period of 3 years is liable to be disqualified

  1. Endorsement Guide

  2. Removing Expired Endorsements

  3. How to get your licence back after being disqualified

  4. How a disqualification period may be reduced

  5. Short period disqualifications

  6. The Road Traffic (New Drivers) Act 1995

  7. Endorsement Offence Codes

  8. Mutual Recognition of Driving Disqualifications with other countries

 


1. Endorsement Guide

Disqualifications, convictions and acceptance of fixed penalties payments in respect of driving offences are notified to DVLA by the courts. The details are entered on to the driver's record and the licence. In addition to paying a fine/fixed penalty the drivers licence will be endorsed with a penalty ranging from 3-11 points or a period of disqualification will be imposed, depending on the seriousness of the offence. Any driver who incurs 12 or more penalty points within a 3-year period is liable to be disqualified under the "totting -up" system. Information on a driver's entitlement and endorsements are sent to courts and police on request.

Endorsements must remain on a licence for 11 years from date of conviction if the offence is :

  • drinking/drugs and driving (shown on the licence as DR10, DR20, DR30 and DR80).

  • causing death by careless driving whilst under the influence of drink/drugs (shown on the licence as CD40,CD50 and CD60).

  • causing death by careless driving, then failing to provide a specimen for analysis (shown on the licence as CD70).

or 4 years from date of conviction if the offence is as listed below :

  • reckless/dangerous driving (shown on the licence as DD40,DD60 and DD80), 

  • offences resulting in disqualification.

  • disqualified from holding a full licence until a driving test has been passed.

or 4 years from the date of offence in all other cases.


2. Removing Expired Endorsements

Paper Licence Holders

If you wish to have expired endorsements removed from your driving licence you must complete driving licence application form D1 (previously D750) and enclose your current driving licence together with the appropriate fee.  You must also enclose original documentation confirming your identity and a passport sized photograph taken against a plain light background.  Send your completed application and fee to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1AB or you may be able to use the .

Photocard Licence Holders

If you wish to have expired endorsements removed from your driving licence you must complete driving licence application form D1 (previously D750) and enclose both your photocard licence and paper counterpart together with the appropriate fee.  Send your completed application and fee to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1AB. 

Note: Photocard Holders - If your name has changed since your photocard licence was issued you must complete driving licence application form D1 (previously D750) and enclose both your photocard and paper counterpart together with the appropriate fee.   You must also enclose original documentation confirming your new name.  There is no requirement to supply a new photograph.


3. How to get your licence back after being disqualified

You must apply for a new licence, even if your old licence has not run out.

Paper Licence Holders

You will automatically be sent application forms D27 and D750, 56 days before the period of disqualification ends. You must complete both forms and enclose the appropriate fee. You must also enclose original documentation confirming your identity and a passport sized colour photograph taken against a plain light background. Send your completed application and fee to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1AB or you may be able to use the .

Photocard Licence Holders 

You will automatically be sent application form D27, 56 days before the period of disqualification ends. You must complete the D27 form and enclose the appropriate fee. Send your completed application and fee to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1AB.

Note: If your name has changed since your last licence was issued you must complete application form D27 and photocard application form D750 and enclose the appropriate . You must also enclose original documentation confirming your new name. There is no requirement to supply a new photograph.

If for any reason you do not receive a D27 form, you may apply using a D1 (previously D750) application form in its place.

We will make medical enquiries if you have :-

a) been disqualified for driving, or being in charge of a vehicle, when the level of alcohol in the body equalled or exceeded :-

i.) 87.5 microgrammes per 100 millilitres of breath, or

ii.) 200 milligrammes per 100 millilitres of blood, or

iii) 267.5 milligrammes per 100 millilitres of urine.

b) two disqualifications within the space of 10 years for drinking and driving, or being in charge of a vehicle whilst unfit through drink.

c) one disqualification for refusing/failing to supply a specimen for analysis.

If you are not sure when your disqualification ends, contact the court which disqualified you.


4. How a disqualification period may be reduced

The law permits those who have been disqualified for more than two years to apply to the convicting court for a reduction in the period of disqualification in the following circumstances:

  • After serving 2 years of the disqualification period if you were disqualified for more than 2 but less than 4 years
  • After half the period of disqualification has been served if you were disqualified for less than 10 years but not less than 4 years
  • After serving 5 years of the disqualification period if you were disqualified for 10 years or more.

If the court agrees to reduce the period of disqualification, an application must be made to DVLA for the early restoration of your driving licence. Please note that although courts may approve a reduction in the period of disqualification, this does not affect the period (4 or 11 years depending on the offence) for which the endorsement must legally remain on the driving licence.


5. Short Period Disqualifications (SPD)

If you were disqualified for less than 56 days, the court will stamp your licence and give it back to you. The stamp will tell you how long you are disqualified for. You do not need to renew your licence when the short period disqualification ends. Your licence becomes valid again the day after the expiry of the disqualification.


6. The Road Traffic ( New Drivers) Act 1995

This Act will affect you if you passed your first GB driving test after 1 June 1997 when it came into force. If the number of valid penalty points shown on your driving licence total 6 or more during the two year probationary period immediately following your first driving test, your full driving licence will be revoked by DVLA until such time as you pass a further driving test.

Such drivers should apply for a provisional driving licence if they wish to continue driving and are subject to "learner" conditions until they pass both theory and practical parts of the driving test.

Valid penalty points incurred prior to passing the first test are taken into account if the driver commits a penalty point offence during the probationary period. Points incurred after the probationary period has expired will also count if the offence was committed during the probationary period.

Full entitlement to all categories of vehicle previously held will only be reinstated upon passing a test in any one of the driver's previously held entitlements. A successful test for entitlement to a category of vehicle not previously held will result in a full licence for that category only.

There is no right of appeal against revocation under the provisions of the Act. A driver may only appeal against the conviction, which led to the revocation.

How to Apply for Your Licence After Revocation Under the New Drivers Act

To apply for a provisional driving licence you should complete a D1 form. Your application should be sent to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1AB together with relevant original identity documents, a photograph as prescribed in the D1 form and the appropriate fee.

Full entitlement to all categories of vehicle held previously will be reinstated upon passing a test in any one of your original entitlements.

Adding A Test Pass

Once you have passed your driving test (theory and practical) you should exchange your test pass certificate for a new licence as soon as possible. If you do not claim your test pass within 2 years of the date of your test, the entitlement conveyed by the test pass will be lost and you will have to pass a further driving test (theory and practical) for that category of vehicle if you wish to have it included on your driving licence.

If you hold a photocard licence you must complete the declaration on the reverse of your test pass certificate and send it together with your photocard licence, paper counterpart and the appropriate fee to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1BJ.

If you hold a paper licence you must also enclose a completed D1 form and the appropriate identity documents.

Drivers who exchange their foreign licence for a GB licence

Drivers who have exchanged a licence from another country for a GB licence and acquire 6 or more valid penalty points are subject to the New Drivers Act, if during the previous 2 years they passed their first driving test in the Isle of Man, Channel Islands, Gibraltar or another EEA state.

A revoked driver may reclaim his previous entitlement by passing an appropriate test in the Isle of Man, Channel Islands, Gibraltar or another EEA state.
No other test passes are acceptable including those from 'designated' countries.


7. Endorsement Offence Codes

The following is a guide to the number of penalty points a court may impose, it does not reflect the fact that some offences may incur a disqualification. These codes are recorded from information supplied by the courts - any queries about them should be addressed to the courts which imposed them.

Code 

 

Penalty 
Points
 

Accident Offences 

AC10  Failing to stop after an accident.......... 5-10
AC20 Failing to give particulars or to report an accident within 24 hours.......... 5-10
AC30 Undefined accident offences.......... 4-9
 

Disqualified Driver

BA10  Driving whilst disqualified by order of court.......... 6
BA30 Attempting to drive while disqualified by order of court.......... 6
 

Careless Driving   

CD10 Driving without due care and attention.......... 3-9
CD20 Driving without reasonable consideration for other road users.......... 3-9
CD30 Driving without due care and attention or without reasonable consideration for other road users.......... 3-9
CD40 Causing death through careless driving when unfit through drink.......... 3-11
CD50 Causing death by careless driving when unfit through drugs.......... 3-11
CD60 Causing death by careless driving with alcohol level above the limit.......... 3-11
CD70 Causing death by careless driving then failing to supply a specimen for analysis.......... 3-11
 

Construction & Use Offences 

CU10 Using a vehicle with defective brakes.......... 3
CU20 Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of use of unsuitable vehicle or using a vehicle with parts or accessories (excluding brakes, steering or tyres) in a dangerous condition.......... 3
CU30 Using a vehicle with defective tyre(s).......... 3
CU40 Using a vehicle with defective steering.......... 3
CU50 Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of load or passengers.......... 3
 

Reckless/Dangerous Driving

DD40 Dangerous Driving.......... 3-11
DD60 Manslaughter or culpable homicide while driving a vehicle.......... 3-11
DD80 Causing death by dangerous driving.......... 3-11
 

Drink or Drugs

DR10 Driving or attempting to drive with alcohol level above limit.......... 3-11
DR20 Driving or attempting to drive while unfit through drink.......... 3-11

DR30

Driving or attempting to drive then failing to supply a specimen for analysis..........

3-11

DR40

In charge of a vehicle while alcohol level above limit..........

10

DR50

In charge of a vehicle while unfit through drink..........

10

DR60

Failure to provide a specimen for analysis in circumstances other than driving or attempting to drive..........

10

DR70 

Failing to provide specimen for breath test..........

4

DR80

Driving or attempting to drive when unfit through drugs..........

3-11  

DR90 

In charge of a vehicle when unfit through drugs..........

10

 

Insurance Offences

IN10

Using a vehicle uninsured against third party risks..........

6-8

 

Licence Offences

LC20

Driving otherwise than in accordance with a licence..........

3-6

LC30

Driving after making a false declaration about fitness when applying for a licence..........

3-6

LC40

Driving a vehicle having failed to notify a disability..........

3-6

LC50

Driving after a licence has been revoked or refused on medical grounds..........

3-6

 

Miscellaneous Offences

MS10

Leaving a vehicle in a dangerous position..........

3

MS20

Unlawful pillion riding..........

3

MS30

Play street offences..........

2

MS40

Driving with uncorrected defective eyesight or refusing to submit to a test..........

3

MS50

Motor racing on the highway..........

3-11

MS60

Offences not covered by other codes..........

As Appropriate

MS70

Driving with uncorrected defective eyesight..........

3

MS80

Refusing to submit to an eyesight test..........

3

MS90

Failure to give information as to identity of driver etc..........

3

 

Motorway Offences

MW10

Contravention of Special Roads Regulations (excluding speed limits)..........

3

 

Pedestrian Crossings

PC10

Undefined Contravention of Pedestrian Crossing Regulations..........

3

PC20

Contravention of Pedestrian Crossing Regulations with moving vehicle..........

3

PC30

Contravention of Pedestrian Crossing Regulations with stationary vehicle..........

3

 

Speed Limits

SP10 

Exceeding goods vehicle speed limits..........

3-6

SP20 

Exceeding speed limit for type of vehicle (excluding goods or passenger vehicles)..........

3-6

SP30

Exceeding statutory speed limit on a public road.......... 3-6

SP40

Exceeding passenger vehicle speed limit..........

3-6

SP50

Exceeding speed limit on a motorway.......... 3-6

SP60

Undefined speed limit offence..........

3-6

 

Traffic Direction and Signs

TS10

Failing to comply with traffic light signals..........

3

TS20

Failing to comply with double white lines..........

3

TS30

Failing to comply with "Stop" sign..........

3

TS40

Failing to comply with direction of a constable/warden..........

3

TS50

Failing to comply with traffic sign (excluding - stop -signs, traffic lights or double white lines)..........

3

TS60 

Failing to comply with a school crossing patrol sign..........

3

TS70 

Undefined failure to comply with a traffic direction sign..........

3

 

Special Code

TT99 

To signify a disqualification under totting-up procedure. If the total of penalty points reaches 12 or more within 3 years, the driver is liable to be disqualified..........

 
 

Theft or Unauthorised Taking

UT50 

Aggravated taking of a vehicle..........

3-11

 


    
Aiding, Abetting, Counselling or Procuring

Offences as coded, but with the end 0 changed to 2

   
Causing or permitting

Offences as coded, but with the end 0 changed to 4

Inciting

Offences as coded, but with the end 0 changed to 6

 


Period of time

Periods of time are signified as follows: D=Days, M=Months, Y=Years

Endorsements remain on a counterpart licence for:

  •     11 years from date of conviction for offences relating to drink/drugs and driving, causing death by careless driving whilst under the influence of drink/drugs and causing death by careless driving then failing to provide a specimen for analysis

  •     4 years from date of conviction for reckless/dangerous driving and offences resulting in disqualification

  •     4 years from the date of offence in all other cases 

8. Mutual Recognition of Driving Disqualifications with other countries

Northern Ireland

Since 11 October 2004 there has been mutual recognition between GB & NI of driving disqualifications. This allows:

  • recognition in GB of disqualifications which were imposed under NI jurisdiction.
  • endorsement of GB counterparts issued to NI licence holders. An NI driving licence holder may apply for a GB counterpart by completing form D9 (available from DVLA). This can be kept with their NI licence and will allow them to avail themselves of the Fixed Penalty Scheme for certain types of offence.
  • revocation of an NI licence in conformity with the Road Traffic (New Drivers) Act 1995.
  • revocation of an NI licence on grounds of disability and prospective disability

Reciprocal provisions came into force in Northern Ireland at the same time as those made in Great Britain.

Isle of Man

Since 23 May 2005 mutual recognition of driving disqualifications between Great Britain and Northern Ireland was extended to include the Isle of Man.

This means that drivers who are disqualified from holding a driving licence in GB/NI on or after 23 May 2005 will also be disqualified from driving, holding or obtaining a driving licence in the Isle of Man. Similarly, if a court in the Isle of Man disqualifies a driver from driving they will also be disqualified from driving in GB/NI until the disqualification has ended.

Mutual recognition between GB/NI and IoM will only be in relation to driving disqualifications. The New Drivers Act and fixed penalties will not be included.

Information courtesy of Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency Swansea SA6 7JL



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