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given below was changed by the High Court 25th May 2010
fine campaigner loses court battle
Neil Herron Mr Herron took his parking fine case to the High Court
A parking fine campaigner has lost his High Court battle against what
he claimed were unlawful penalty charges.
Neil Herron, 47, argued that a controlled parking zone in Sunderland
city centre was unlawful because it was too large and confusing for
He wanted the 39 penalty charge notices issued against him for parking
on single yellow lines within the zone to be ruled unenforceable.
The High Court in London ruled against the test case challenge.
Mr Justice Bean said his case was "entirely based on technicality
and utterly devoid of merit".
Mr Herron, who faces costs of up to £20,000, said the courtís decision
would allow local authorities to go on making money out of parking
tickets issued to confused motorists.
ďThere is a need for greater clarity in the implementation of parking
restrictions by councils across the countryĒ
Paul Watters (AAís head of transport policy)
He said: "I am obviously disappointed the judgment did not go our
way, but this is a David and Goliath battle and you donít always expect
Goliath to go down with the first sling shot. The judgment has massive
significance both for motorists and local authorities. It effectively
means the authorities donít have to comply fully with the law whilst
ticketing motorists for the most minor contravention. They will use
use this judgment as a Dick Turpinís charter."
Controlled Parking Zones
parking zone (CPZ) is a parking scheme mainly used in urban areas.
CPZs are used by local councils to address particular parking problems
in a community - usually in order to help residents park near to their
homes. This means that parking is only permitted in designated parking
bays - the remainder of the kerbside space is subject to yellow line
restrictions. CPZs can also be used to allow more free-flowing traffic
through town centres, particularly where parking causes problems for
the emergency services. To find out more information about controlled
parking zones in your area, contact your local council.
In law, CPZs don't even exist but are "creatures of statute" and,
in order to be enforceable, should comply with rigidly laid down road
In order to meet the definition of a CPZ, there must be no road
marking whatsoever within them, except signs indicating parking spaces
and yellow lines
The presence of any other road markings at any point in the CPZ -
including zig-zag lines or yellow bus stop clearways - render the
entire CPZ invalid
Controlled Parking Zone rules
Entrance and exit signs show the hours during which all on-street
parking is controlled
Parking is only permitted in designated parking spaces, the remainder
of the kerbside is subject to yellow line restrictions
Single yellow lines prohibit parking during the hours of control,
double yellow lines prohibit parking at any time
Some single yellow lines have signs showing different, usually longer,
Parking during the permitted hours may be free or charged
does this mean?
Parking Zone signs are probably the most important signs to understand
when parking, as they indicate a Controlled Parking Zone (CPZ).
In a CPZ all parking is controlled. There are no unrestricted parking
areas in a CPZ; every bay is reserved for a specific purpose.
When parking in a bay in a CPZ, always check for the sign or bay markings
stating what parking is allowed in that bay.
The times on the CPZ sign indicate when parking regulations are in
force. If the times in an individual bay are different, the times
will be shown on the sign by the bay.
There may be different types of bays on the same street, so always
check the signs or markings next to the bay you are occupying to see
what type of bay you are in.
The CPZ includes all streets past the entry sign until you see a CPZ
ends sign. As a rule of thumb, if there are resident parking bays
or pay and display bays in a street, that street is inside a CPZ.
What happens if I park in a CPZ when the restrictions are in force?
The times on the sign show when single yellow lines and parking bays
are enforced. If you park on single yellow lines within these times,
or in a pay and display bay without making a payment etc., you may
receive a Penalty Charge Notice.
All double yellow lines are enforced 24 hours a day, seven days a
week, and some individual parking spaces, including resident bays,
may have their own timeplates indicating the hours of enforcement
that are different from the CPZ hours. Always check signs when you
does a CPZ work?
are signs at the entry roads to all CPZs giving the hours during which
the controls and yellow line restrictions are operational.
A Controlled Parking Zone (CPZ) is an area where all on-street
parking is controlled. This means that parking is only permitted
in designated parking bays and that the remainder of the kerbside
space is subject to yellow line restrictions.
Its main aim is to discourage commuter and long stay parking
by people from outside the area. To make sure that this works
fairly, zones are enforced by uniformed parking attendants.
Sometimes, yellow line restrictions within a CPZ operate for longer
than the controlled hours and, if this is the case, there will be
signs on the kerb or pavement giving the hours of restriction. The
only exception to this is double yellow line restrictions, which always
operate "at any time" (24 hours a day, seven days a week) and do not
require a sign plate to indicate when they are in force.
General parking regulations for controlled zones can be found here.
What types of CPZ are there?
The council's Technical Services Department is responsible for the
design, operation and regular reviews of the of these schemes.
There are two main types of parking control; all-day restrictions
and one-hour restrictions and a CPZ can be made up of a mixture of
You can report parking contraventions online
This operates for most of the working day (e.g. between 9.30am
and 5.30pm) Monday to Friday. In some shopping areas, this can
also include Saturday.
Bays are normally shared use being a combination of permit holders
and pay and display. The time limit is often two or four hours,
but there are a number of one hour 'shopper bays' in busy shopping
areas. There are also some eight hour bays.
visitors. Businesses may purchase business permits for vehicles which
are essential for the efficient operation of their business. Tradesmen
may also purchase permits to use whilst carrying out work at addresses
within a CPZ.
This operates for one hour per day - usually Monday to Friday.
It is designed specifically to deter commuters. It will allow
others to park without restriction outside the specified hour.
Residents who own or keep a vehicles may purchase one resident
parking permit as well as visitor permits for use by
Where are the CPZs?
These can be found in most big towns and cities
Iinformation courtesy of Wandsworth Council